Sunday, May 24, 2020

Biographical Interpretation Essay - 911 Words

Many people view poems and other pieces of writing in different ways, there is no wrong or right way to interpret a work of someone, it merely your point of view; your opinions. In Sylvia Plath’s poem â€Å"Daddy†, many could say that it was a about a hard relationship she had with her father, but how do we know? It could be about her father, husband, strong authority figure, or even God. But, as I read â€Å"Daddy† I got the strong sense that it was mostly about her father. The poem suggests that she had either an unhealthy relationship with him or she was angry with him for leaving her. In the poem, Plath says â€Å"I have always been scared of you† (41); I view this as she may not have had the best relationship with him. Maybe he was abusive or mean.†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Daddy† is a poem where Plath expressed her most personal feelings about her father and ultimately her husband also. In the poem, when Plath writes â€Å"And then I knew what to do. / I made a model of you, / A man in black with a Meinkampf look.† (63-65). It suggests that she possibly actually went to her father’s grave and maybe she tried to dig up her father’s bones to prove to her that he was really dead. Or, possibly these lines mean that she married someone who was a lot like him. She married someone who she could look at every day and who reminds her of her father. But, if this poem is about her sad relationship with him, why would she want to be reminded of him every day? This only makes me come to the conclusion that she did not have a horrible relationship with him, she was just angry with him for leaving her, for dying. As you can tell there can be many different interpretations for Sylvia Plath’s poem â€Å"Daddy†. I believe that this poem is about Sylvia, who is angry with her father for dying and leaving her behind, who wants to express her feelings towards this in a poem. She writes deep, dark , meaningful, thoughts on her emotions and her actions to get back to him. I think that this poem is very unique in the way that she describes her life in the poem; she goes from when he died to when she was thirty, and along the way uses many analogies to describe her feelings. She also uses many symbolic phrases that couldShow MoreRelatedSufi Commentaries On The Qur An Of Classical Islam844 Words   |  4 Pagesthese verses, the proper inner practices that allow the Sufi to receive special knowledge instead of just the behavior proscribed by scholars and jurists, and lastly the various strategies of interpretations such as ‘striking similitudes’ or allegoresis (the distinguishing of a physical and spiritual interpretation by al-Ghazali), ‘allusion’ (analyzing the â€Å"etymological and grammatical possibilities†(41) of a verse by Ibn ‘Arabi) and ‘the seven inner senses’ (analyzing the various layers and subtletiesRead MoreThe P oetry Of An Author962 Words   |  4 Pagesthe poems or works of an author ignoring or disregarding their biographical features , as if did not influence at all on the design and creation of his poems . 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Oprichnina of Ivan the Terrible Part 1, Creation

Ivan IV of Russias oprichnina is frequently portrayed as some sort of hell, a time of mass torture and death overseen by sinister black-robed monks  who obeyed their insane Tsar Ivan the Terrible and slaughtered hundreds of thousands of innocent people. The reality is somewhat different, and although the events that created—and eventually ended—the oprichnina are well known, the underlying motives and causes are still unclear. The Creation of the Oprichnina In the final months of 1564, Tsar Ivan IV of Russia announced an intention to abdicate; he promptly left Moscow with much of his treasure and only a few trusted retainers. They went to Alekandrovsk, a small, but fortified, town to the north where Ivan isolated himself. His only contact with Moscow was through two letters: the first attacking the boyars and the church, and a second reassuring the people of Muscovy that he still cared for them. The boyars were the most powerful non-royal aristocrats in Russia at this time, and they had long disagreed with the ruling family. Ivan may not have been overly popular with the ruling classes - numerous rebellions had been plotted - but without him a struggle for power was inevitable, and a civil war probable. Ivan had already had success and turned the Grand Prince of Moscow into Tsar of All the Russias, and Ivan was asked - some might say begged - to return, but the Tsar made several clear demands: he wanted to create an oprichnina, a territory within Muscovy governed solely and absolutely by him. He also wanted the power to deal with traitors as he wished. Under pressure from the church and the people, the Council of Boyars agreed. Where was the Oprichnina? Ivan returned and divided the country into two: the oprichnina and the zemschina. The former was to be his private domain, constructed from any land and property he wished and run by his own administration, the oprichniki. Estimates vary, but between one third and one half of Muscovy became oprichnina. Situated mainly in the north, this land was a piecemeal selection of wealthy and important areas, ranging from whole towns, of which the oprichnina included about 20, to individual buildings. Moscow was carved up street by street, and sometimes building by building. Existing landowners were often evicted, and their fates varied from resettlement to execution. The rest of Muscovy became the zemschina, which continued to operate under the existing governmental and legal institutions, with a puppet Grand Prince in charge.   Why Create an Oprichnina? Some narratives portray Ivans flight and threat to abdicate as a fit of pique, or a form of madness stemming from his wifes death in 1560. It is more likely that these actions were a shrewd political trick, albeit tinged with paranoia, designed to give Ivan the bargaining power he needed to rule absolutely. By using his two letters to attack the leading boyars and churchman while also praising the populace, the Tsar had placed great pressure on his would-be opponents, who now faced the possibility of losing public support. This gave Ivan leverage, which he used to create a whole new realm of government. If Ivan had been acting simply out of madness, he was brilliantly opportunistic.The actual creation of the oprichnina has been viewed in many ways: an isolated kingdom where Ivan could rule by fear, a concerted effort to destroy the Boyars and seize their wealth, or even as an experiment in governing. In practice, the creation of this realm gave Ivan the chance to solidify his power. By seizing strategic and wealthy land the Tsar could employ his own army and bureaucracy while reducing the strength of his boyar opponents. Loyal members of the lower classes could be promoted, rewarded with new oprichnina land, and given the task of working against traitors. Ivan was able to tax the zemschina and overrule its institutions, while the oprichniki could travel through the whole of the country at will.But did Ivan intend this? During the 1550s and early 1560s, the Tsars power had come under attack from boyar plots, failure in the Livonian war, and his own temperament. Ivan had fallen ill in 1553 and ordered the ruling boyars to swear oaths of loyalty to his baby son, Dimitrii; several refused, favoring Prince Vladimir Staritsky instead. When the Tsarina died in 1560 Ivan suspected poison, and two of the Tsars previously loyal advisors were subjected to a rigged trial and sent away to their deaths. This situation began to spiral, and as Ivan was growing to hate the boya rs, so his allies were growing concerned with him. Some began to defect, culminating in 1564 when Prince ​Andery Kurbsky, one of the Tsars leading military commanders, fled to>Clearly, these events could be interpreted as either contributing to vengeful and paranoid destruction, or indicating a need for political manipulation. However, when Ivan came to the throne in 1547, after a chaotic and boyar led regency, the Tsar immediately introduced reforms aimed at reorganizing the country, to strengthen both the military and his own power. The oprichnina could well have been a rather extreme extension of this policy. Equally, he could have gone completely mad. The Oprichniki The oprichniki played a central role in Ivans oprichnina; they were the soldiers and ministers, the police and the bureaucrats. Drawn mainly from the lower levels of the military and society, each member was questioned and their past checked. Those that passed were rewarded with land, property and payments. The result was a cadre of individuals whose loyalty to the Tsar was without question, and which included very few boyars. Their numbers grew from 1000 to 6000 between 1565 - 72, and included some foreigners. The oprichniks precise role is unclear, partly because it changed over time, and partly because historians have very few contemporary records from which to work. Some commentators call them bodyguards, while others see them as a new, hand-picked, nobility designed to replace the boyars. The oprichniks have even been described as the original Russian secret police, an ancestor of the KGB. The oprichniki are often described in semi-mythical terms, and its easy to see why. They dressed in black: black clothes, black horses and black carriages. They used the broom and the dogs head as their symbols, one representing the sweeping away of traitors, and the other snapping at the heels of their enemies; it is possible that some oprichniks carried actual brooms and severed dogs heads. Answerable only to Ivan and their own commanders, these individuals had free run of the country, oprichnina and zemschina, and a prerogative to remove traitors. Although they sometimes used false charges and forged documents, as in the case of Prince Staritsky who was executed after his cook confessed, this was normally unnecessary. Having created a climate of fear and murder, the oprichniki could just exploit the human propensity to inform on enemies; besides, this black clad corps could kill anyone they wished. The Terror The stories associated with the oprichniks range from the grotesque and outlandish, to the equally grotesque and factual. People were impaled and mutilated, while whipping, torture and rapes were common. The Oprichniki Palace features in many tales: Ivan built this in Moscow, and the dungeons were supposedly full of prisoners, of which at least twenty were tortured to death everyday in front of the laughing Tsar. The actual height of this terror is well documented. In 1570 Ivan and his men attacked the city of Novgorod, which the Tsar believed was planning to ally with Lithuania. Using forged documents as a pretext, thousands were hanged, drowned or deported, while the buildings and countryside were plundered and destroyed. Estimates of the death toll vary between 15,000 and 60,000 people. A similar, but less brutal, sacking of Pskov followed this, as did the execution of zemschina officials in Moscow.Ivan alternated between periods of savagery and piety, often sending great memorial payments and treasure to monasteries. During one such period the Tsar endowed a new monastic order, which was to draw its brothers from the oprichniks. Although this foundation did not turn the oprichniki into a corrupted church of sadistic monks (as some accounts might claim), it did became an instrument interwoven in both church and state, further blurring the organisations role. The oprichniks also acquired a reputation in the rest of Europe. Prince Kurbsky, who had fled Muscovy in 1564, described them as children of darkness...hundreds and thousands of times worse than hangmen.Like most organizations that rule through terror, the oprichniki also began to cannibalize itself. Internal quarrels and rivalries led many oprichniki leaders to accuse each other of treason, and increasing numbers of zemschina officials were drafted in as replacements. Leading Muscovite families attempted to join, seeking protection through membership. Perhaps crucially, the oprichniki did not act in a p ure orgy of bloodshed; they achieved motives and aims in a calculating and cruel> The End of the Oprichniki After the attacks on Novgorod and Pskov Ivan may well have turned his attention to Moscow, however, other forces got there first. In 1571 an army of Crimean Tartars devastated the city, burning large tracts of land and enslaving tens of thousands of people. With the oprichnina having clearly failed to defend the country, and growing number of oprichniks implicated in treachery, Ivan abolished it in 1572. The resulting process of reintegration was never entirely completed, as Ivan created other similar bodies throughout his life; none became as notorious as the oprichnina. Consequences of the Oprichniki The Tartar attack highlighted the damage that the oprichnina had caused. The boyars were the political, economic and social heart of Muscovy, and by undermining their power and resources the Tsar began to destroy the infrastructure of his country. Trade decreased and the divided military became ineffectual against other troops. Constant changes in government caused internal chaos, while the skilled and peasant classes began to leave Muscovy, driven out by rising taxes and almost indiscriminate murder. Some areas had become so depopulated that agriculture collapsed, and the Tsars external enemies had begun to exploit these weaknesses. The Tartars attacked Moscow again in 1572, but were comprehensively beaten by a newly reintegrated army; this was a small valediction of Ivans change in policy.What did the oprichnina ultimately achieve? It helped centralise power around the Tsar, creating a rich and strategic network of personal holdings through which Ivan could challenge the old nobili ty and create a loyal government. Land confiscation, exile and execution shattered the boyars, and the oprichniki formed a new nobility: although some land was returned after 1572, much of it remained in the hands of the oprichniks. It is still a matter for debate among historians as to how much of this Ivan really intended. Conversely, the brutal enforcement of these changes and the constant pursuit of traitors did more than simply split the country in two. The population was markedly reduced, economic systems were damaged, and the strength of Moscow reduced in the eyes of its enemies.For all the talk of centralising political power and restructuring landed wealth, the oprichnina will always be remembered as a time of terror. The image of black clothed investigators with unaccountable power remains effective and haunting, while their use of cruel and brutal punishments has guaranteed them a nightmarish mythology, only enhanced by their monastic connections. The actions of the opric hnina, coupled with the lack of documentation, have also greatly affected the question of Ivans sanity. For many, the period 1565 - 72 suggests that he was paranoid and vindictive, although some prefer plain mad. Centuries later, Stalin praised the oprichnina for its role in damaging the boyar aristocracy and enforcing central government (and he knew a thing or two about oppressing and terror).   Source Bonney, Richard. The European Dynastic States 1494-1660. Short Oxford History of the Modern World, OUP Oxford, 1991.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Mexican Peso Crisis of December 1994 Free Essays

There are three different types of foreign exchange regimes that can be used by developing countries once their currency has stabilized. The first one is called the managed float. Also called the dirty float, the managed float is a system when exchange rates are able to change due to the nature of the market, but leaves the option for the government to intervene if the fluctuation is not desired. We will write a custom essay sample on The Mexican Peso Crisis of December 1994 or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is the regime that has been used by the monetary system since 1973. The second regime is called the crawling band. The crawling band, in this case, would combine Mexico’s crawling peg with a wider band. The crawling band is a compromise between a system of entirely fluctuating exchange rates and those that are inflexible. The parity levels would be adjusted either up or down as a moving average of the actual exchange rates that would fluctuate on a wider band. The exchange rate would be only allowed to move a maximum percentage. The amount of the percentage is called the annual crawling peg. The wider band that would cover the crawling peg would allow for the actual exchange rate to fluctuate. The third regime is called the floating exchange rate system. Also called the flexible exchange rate system, the exchange rate fluctuates based solely on market forces in this regime. A floating system allows countries to have independent monetary and fiscal policies. Also, central banks would not have to hold onto a large international reserve to back a fixed exchange rate system. Capital flight was one of the main reasons for Mexico’s financial collapse of the peso. Capital flight is when assets and money flow out of a country due to an economic event that doesn’t assure investors things are okay. Capital flight differs from capital flow because capital flight occurs when investors feel that prices are about to fall and it becomes a race to get your money out before the prices fall. The assassination of presidential candidate Luis Colosio definitely played a factor in the capital flight out of Mexico. In 1994, the United States, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and a few others created a rescue package for Mexico. The United States put up $20 billion of the $50 billion for Mexico. The IMF guaranteed a credit agreement with Mexico for about $17. 7 billion. The Bank of International Settlements offered $10 to Mexico and The Bank of Canada offered about $1 billion. It was not just Mexico mismanagement that caused this crisis. The assassination of the presidential candidate was something that could not have been avoided and it caused to crisis to worsen even more. It seems like that event was the â€Å"last straw on the camel’s back†, so to say. In order to prevent this crisis from happening in the future, Mexico should pay closer attention to its current account balance. Now that this has happened once, Mexico should know what to look for in order to stop it before it gets even worse. Overall, the aid package was risky on the United States to do. No one was certain that Mexico would be able to pay back the money. The United States could just not do anything though. We have close ties with Mexico through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). We weren’t just going to let Mexico fail. Just like the IMF helped Mexico back in 1994, they are currently lending to countries in need today. Countries with emerging markets such as Belarus, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine are receiving capital from the IMF. Almost always, low-income countries are also receiving money from the IMF. How to cite The Mexican Peso Crisis of December 1994, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Aesthetic Practice with Technology Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Aesthetic Practice with Technology. Answer: Skin ageing is one of the most complex as well as inevitable physiological process in every persons life span. It has become a subject of extensive study in recent years as there is a huge psychosocial impact of ageing in a large proportion of the population, and skin health is often related to the overall well-being and health perception of an individual (Ganceviciene, Liakou, Theodoridis, Makrantonaki Zouboulis, 2012). Ageing can result from a culmination of both exogenous and endogenous factors. Several scientific approaches are being employed to postpone, reduce or in certain scenarios repair the unwanted symptoms of ageing especially in context with facial skin. Apart from medicinal and cosmetic intervention, recent advances in technology provide several electrical modalities that provide effective and instant results in a non-invasive manner (Ramos-e-Silva, Celem, Ramos-e-Silva Fucci-da-Costa, 2013). The present report sheds light on two such electrical modalities, discussing their principles, beneficial and adverse effects if any, contraindications and precautionary steps to be taken while application. The latter part of the report discusses about the given case scenario of Natalie and provides appropriate recommendations regarding the treatment procedures that should be adopted, considering the special needs and demands of the client. Galvanic Current Skin Treatment The most common type of electrical modality used for the facial electrotherapy is Galvanic Treatment, which evident from its name utilizes Galvanic Current to fulfil the purpose. An advanced galvanic device is used to emit direct current at a desired quantity, which when applied on the skin induces a series of chemical changes. The primary objective this technique serves is to enhance the impurity extraction process of the skin and also increases the penetration of skin care products applied for anti-aging results (Sun, Wu, Liu, Chantalat Omer, 2009). The device consists of a probe, most commonly a roller although different types of probes are available, which is connected to a conducting wire. Another wire is attached to another part of the body preferably the arm or the leg to create a closed loop circuit for continuous flow of current. The roller is moved over the skin after turning the device on and current starts flowing through the same. A very low voltage current is applied a nd hence the process is totally non-invasive and painless. The first step of the treatment procedure is applying an acidic solution over the skin surface, for softening the skin, increasing blood circulation and opening up skin pores. This step is termed as Disincrustation and helps in efficient cleansing and removal of excess oil, blackheads and whiteheads from the skin surface ( et al., 2016). After the cleansing process an alkaline solution is applied over the skin before the application of the galvanic probe, which reduces the blood circulation, soothes the nerves and firms the tissues. This step is called Anaphoresis. The final step of the procedures is called Ionotophoresis (Tapper, 2001). It involves the application of a positive pole current to improve the penetration of active skin-care ingredients. Galvanic Electrical Facial Treatment includes an array of beneficial effects on the skin that includes detoxification of the facial skin, increased blood circulation leading to removal of cellular waste products, reduction of fine lines and wrinkles, deeper product penetration, and skin brightening. However, this non-invasive technique does possess some contraindications. The disincrustation step may cause skin infection or irritation depending on the sensitivity of skin. It may cause adverse effects in the patient in case of presence of metal pins or plates in the face. Further excessive dental fining in the mouth can also pose risk with applying the direct current. Often vascular and hypersensitive skin is more prone to be suffering from unwanted results. Several precautions must be taken by the esthetician as well as the patient while undergoing the procedure. Improper application of galvanic current may cause long term damage to the skin. It must be ensured that plenty of products are present at all the time of application of current, the probe must be kept moving all along the procedure and the right amount of current intensity must be applied according to the patient limitations and needs. The intensity should be adjusted slowly and smoothly and the electrodes must not be lifted from the face without turning down the intensity to zero. Further the resistance of the skin must be monitored continuously as a drop in resistance could cause abrupt increase in the current intensity. High Frequency Skin Treatment Another popular electrical modality for skin treatment is High Frequency Electrical Treatment that involves application of alternating current producing high impact oscillations over the skin. The alternating current is incapable of producing muscle contractions due to its low pulse duration. It is most commonly used for acne removal or disinfection of the skin but it can also reduce aging skin symptoms. Two wide spread methods are used: Direct method and Indirect Method. The Direct method utilizes a glass tool that is applied directly on the skin surface. Several direct glass electrodes are available which include bulb or mushroom electrode, fulgurator electrode, roller electrode and horse-shoe electrode. The process is often called effulvation as the current spreads all over the skin (Rattan, 2004). Ozone gas is production during application of current and hence this method is highly beneficial for oily, congested and acne prone skin. Some of the beneficial effects include bacteric idal and disinfectant effect due to the production of ozone, increased lymphatic and blood circulation due to alternating current and ozone also produces a drying effect which is why it is referred for oily skins. In the Indirect method the client holds the probe and the therapist completes the circuit. Current flows through the body of the client while the therapist messages the clients face thus completing the circuit and creating a warm relaxing effect. This method is particularly beneficial for clients with dry sluggish and dehydrated skin. Cell metabolism speeds up and activity of sebaceous glands is increased which can improve the appearance of the skin a great deal ("Annet King", 2017) The general contraindications for direct high frequency treatment are high vascular conditions, excessive metal fillings or bridgework, tense or nervous client, migraine, acne rosacea. Similarly in case of sunburn, excessive metal fillings and occurrence of migraine, indirect method of high frequency treatment must be avoided. Certain precautions must be taken before undergoing the procedure to prevent any adverse effect on the cline or the therapist. Before application of the electrode the dials must be kept at zero pointers. All metal jewelleries must be removed to prevent experiencing shock. Intensity must be reduced when applied over bony areas. The client must be made aware of the buzzing noise and ozone smell to prevent panic. Based on the client information it can be observed that Natalie has been undergoing anti-ageing facial treatment for the past 9 months and although she is somewhat satisfied with the results she wants to include an electrical modality to his treatment for instant results. She is 42 years of age has some minor heat sensitivity to the skin and has dry skin. Additionally she has fine lines and wrinkles over her face, suffers from pigmentation, type 2 diabetes and is prone to migraines. Based on the health particulars as provided in the client details it is quite obvious that Natalie must not undergo high-frequency alternating current facial treatment although it is beneficial for dry skins as in case of Natalie. She suffers from type 2 Diabetes and is prone to migraines, both of which are significant contraindications for the treatment. Hence, the certain recommendation would be to go with Galvanic Current facial Treatment. The process of disincrustation would provide a deep cleansing of the skin, increased circulation, waste removal and cell renewal. The iontophoresis process can enhance the process of penetration of active substances into the skin in relation to mere manual application. Apart from the electrical modalities several other anti-ageing treatment products can be recommend for Natalie keeping in mid her skin nature. Vitamin A derivatives are highly effective for dry skin treatment according to several dermatologists. Vitamin E has antioxidant and moisturising properties and has topical action against the effects of UV radiation. Other secondary photo ageing treatments available are antioxidants, oestrogens, growth factors and cytokines. Certain moisturizers are very beneficial for dry skin as they help prevent water loss from the skin surface and provide a protective layer over the skin and retain water in the epidermis. A combination of vitamins, antioxidants and moisturizers can help rejuvenate the skin of the client and prevent ageing signs and symptoms. References Annet King (2017) Retrieved 26 July 2017, from Ganceviciene, R., Liakou, A. I., Theodoridis, A., Makrantonaki, E., Zouboulis, C. C. (2012). Skin anti-aging strategies.Dermato-endocrinology,4(3), pp 308-319. Ramos-e-Silva, M., Celem, L. R., Ramos-e-Silva, S., Fucci-da-Costa, A. P. (2013). Anti-aging cosmetics: Facts and controversies.Clinics in dermatology,31(6), pp 750-758. Rattan, S. I. (2004). The future of aging interventions: aging intervention, prevention, and therapy through hormesis.The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences,59(7), pp B705-B709. Sun, Y., Wu, J., Liu, J. C., Chantalat, J., Omer, A. (2009).U.S. Patent No. 7,479,133. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Tapper, R. (2001).U.S. Patent No. 6,238,381. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. , ?. ?., , ?. ?., , ?. ?., , ?. ?., Bilovol, A. M., Beregova, A. A., ... Tatuzyan, E. G. (2016). Physiotherapy in cosmetology: study guidelines for the 5th-year English medium students of medicine.

Friday, March 27, 2020

Special Military Force Shayetet Essay Sample free essay sample

SHAYETET 13 is the elect naval ranger unit of the Israeli Navy. The unit is considered one of the primary Particular Forces units of the Israel Defense Forces. S’13 specializes in sea-to-land incursions. counter-terrorism. sabotage. nautical intelligence assemblage. nautical surety deliverance. and get oning. The unit has taken portion in about all of Israel’s major wars. every bit good as other actions. The unit is one of the most close in the Israeli military. Shayetet 13 is a seasoned Israeli particular forces unit. It was formed in 1948 by Yohai Ben-Nun with work forces drawn from the ranks of the Palyam. the naval subdivision of the Haganah. The being of S’13 was merely made populace in 1960. Shayetet 13 is divided into three specialised company-sized units: * Foraies: Particular Reconnaissance and Direct Action missions on land. Maritime Counter-Terrorism and Hostage Rescues. * Underwater: Underwater Attacks and Sabotage. Hydrographic ( Beach ) Reconnaissan ce. and Beachhead Reconnaissance and Security. * Above H2O: Surface Attacks. We will write a custom essay sample on Special Military Force Shayetet Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Sea Transportation of units to and from mark countries. TrainingThe preparation of Shayetet 13 recruits lasts 20 months. and is considered one of the toughest classs in the IDF. The preparation phases consist of: * Selection procedure: A choice cantonment to enroll for the unit is held twice a twelvemonth. Cadets are put through physically and mentally ambitious trials. This stage stresses psychological stamina. and tests recruits in their ability to take and run under emphasis and fright. * Six months of basic and advanced foot preparation with the Nahal Brigade. * Preparation stage: this stage lasts for three months and consists of advanced foot and arms developing. parachute preparation. basic elements of maritime warfare. operation of little vass. long swims. forced Marches. and destructions. * Four hebdomads of advanced preparation in combat diving. During this class. plebes learn the rudimentss of combat diving. and how to get by with state of affairss such as cold. darkness. clouded H2O. and how to last bad submerged state of affairss. * Dedicated stage: This stage of preparation stopping points about a twelvemonth and includes preparation in advanced diving techniques with close-circuit systems. submerged destruction. sea-to-land incursions via plunging. ships. pigboats. and jumping into the sea. During their preparation. plebes train extensively in Krav Maga. a hand-to-hand combat system which is Israel’s national soldierly art. Weapons USED * AK-47* M4 carbine* M203 grenade launcher* Negev machine gun* Tavor assault rifle* Glock handguns* Limpet mines* Zodiac RHIB boats* Morena RHIB boats* Snunit fast onslaught trade OPERATIONS PERFORMEDThe major operations performed by SHAYETET 13 are:* 1982 Lebanon War* Operation Moses* Second Intifada* 2006 Lebanon War* Syria 2008* Operation Cast Lead* Francop Affair* Victoria Affair

Friday, March 6, 2020

Utterance Definition and Examples in English

Utterance Definition and Examples in English In linguistics, an utterance is a unit of speech. In phonetic terms, an utterance is a stretch of spoken language that is preceded by silence and followed by silence or a change of speaker. (Phonemes, morphemes, and words are all considered segments of the stream of speech sounds that constitute an utterance.) In orthographic terms, an utterance is a  syntactic unit that begins with a capital letter and ends in a period, question mark, or exclamation point. EtymologyFrom the Middle English, outward, make known Examples and Observations [T]he word utterance . . . can refer to the product of a verbal act, rather than to the verbal act itself. For instance, the words Would you please be quiet?, spoken with a polite rising intonation, might be described as a sentence, or as a question, or as a request.  However, it is convenient to reserve terms like sentence and question for grammatical entities derived from the language system, and to reserve  the term utterance  for instances of such entities, identified by their use in a particular situation.(Geoffrey N. Leech,  Principles of Pragmatics,  1983. Routledge, 2014)Utterances and Sentences-  We use the term utterance to refer to complete communicative units, which may consist of single words, phrases, clauses and clause combinations spoken in context, in contrast to the term sentence, which we reserve for units consisting of at least one main clause and any accompanying subordinate clauses, and marked by punctuation (capital letters and full stops) in writin g.(Ronald Carter and Michael McCarthy, Cambridge Grammar of English. Cambridge University Press, 2006)- An utterance can take sentence form, but not every sentence is an utterance. An utterance is identifiable by a pause, a relinquishing of the floor, a change of speaker; that the first speaker stops indicates that the utterance is, temporarily, complete and awaits, invites a response.(Barbara Green, Experiential Learning.  Bakhtin and Genre Theory in Biblical Studies, ed. by  Roland Boer. Society of Biblical Literature, 2007) For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech,To stir mens blood: I only speak right on.(Mark Antony in William Shakespeares Julius Caesar, Act 3, scene 2)Intentionality[T]he problem of meaning can be posed as follows: How does the mind impose Intentionality on entities that are not intrinsically Intentional, on entities such as sounds and marks that are, construed in one way, just physical phenomena in the world like any other? An utterance can have Intentionality, just as a belief has Intentionality, but whereas the Intentionality of the belief is intrinsic the Intentionality of the utterance is derived. The question then is: How does it derive its Intentionality?(John R. Searle, Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University. Press, 1983)The Lighter Side of Utterances: Kate Beckett: Um, do you know how you talk in your sleep sometimes?Richard Castle: Oh yeah.Kate Beckett: Well, last night you said a name.Richa rd Castle: Ooh.  And not your name, I assume.Kate Beckett: No.Richard Castle: Well, I wouldnt read anything into one random utterance.Kate Beckett: Fourteen utterances, and the name was Jordan. You said it over and over again. Whos Jordan?Richard Castle: I have no idea.Kate Beckett: Is it a woman?Richard Castle: No! Its nothing.Kate Beckett: Castle, I know nothing. Nothing is a dear friend of mine and this is not nothing.Richard Castle: Yes, it is. Besides, most of what I say is meaningless. Why would it be any different when Im asleep?(Stana Katic and Nathan Fillon, The Wild Rover. Castle, 2013)

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Business ethics Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Business ethics - Term Paper Example This company has segmented its geographic environment into five regions, which include the Southern, Eastern, Western and Midwestern United States and Canada. All these regions are headed by a senior vice president. The company is also run by a board of directors and a chief executive officer. In addition, Waste Management Incorporation has subsidiaries, Waste Management Recycle America and Wheelabrator Technologies Incorporation, which are headed by a president. The company provides waste gathering, transportation, and reprocessing and disposal services. Waste Management incorporation carries on its activities as the world leader in waste management that range from medical and solid waste to extremely poisonous chemical waste. This organization has in the past been experiencing growth and increase in stock prices at healthy rates (Waste Management 1). The waste management industry has numerous players, with Waste Management Incorporation being the biggest player. It has a market sha re of 32 percent in both United States and Canada. Over the past four years, the company has witnessed net income decrease from $962M to $817M (Waste Management 1). ... ME 2,020.0 1,982.0 2,082.0 2,001.0 Interest Expense -426.0 -473.0 -481.0 -488.0 Interest and Investment Income 13.0 4.0 8.0 4.0 Other Non-Operating Expenses, Total -1.0 -16.0 -35.0 -48.0 Other Non-Operating Income (Expenses) 48.0 23.0 -8.0 13.0 Merger & Restructuring Charges -50.0 2.0 -20.0 -67.0 Gain (Loss) on Sale of Investments -5.0 -- -- -16.0 Other Unusual Items, Total -78.0 132.0 -34.0 -83.0 EBT, INCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS 1,473.0 1,631.0 1,520.0 1,303.0 Income Tax Expense 413.0 629.0 511.0 443.0 Minority Interest in Earnings -66.0 -49.0 -48.0 -43.0 Earnings from Continuing Operations 1,060.0 1,002.0 1,009.0 860.0 NET INCOME 994.0 953.0 961.0 817.0 NET INCOME TO COMMON INCLUDING EXTRA ITEMS 994.0 953.0 961.0 817.0 NET INCOME TO COMMON EXCLUDING EXTRA ITEMS 994.0 953.0 961.0 817.0 Balance Sheet (Waste Management 1) Currency in Millions of US Dollars As of: Dec 31 2009 Dec 31 2010 Dec 31 2011 Dec 31 2012 Assets             Cash and Equivalents 1,140.0 539.0 258.0 194.0 Tradi ng Asset Securities 13.0 1.0 -- -- TOTAL CASH AND SHORT TERM INVESTMENTS 1,153.0 540.0 258.0 194.0 Accounts Receivable 1,408.0 1,510.0 1,631.0 1,737.0 Other Receivables 119.0 146.0 144.0 102.0 Inventory 110.0 130.0 153.0 174.0 Other Current Assets 104.0 116.0 115.0 140.0 TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 3,010.0 2,482.0 2,379.0 2,423.0 NET PROPERTY PLANT AND EQUIPMENT 11,541.0 11,868.0 12,242.0 12,651.0 Long-Term Investments 32.0 508.0 710.0 667.0 Goodwill 5,632.0 5,726.0 6,215.0 6,291.0 Other Intangibles 238.0 295.0 457.0 397.0 Other Long-Term Assets 701.0 597.0 566.0 668.0 TOTAL ASSETS 21,154.0 21,476.0 22,569.0 23,097.0             LIABILITIES & EQUITY             Accounts Payable 567.0 692.0 838.0 842.0 Accrued Expenses 1,100.0 1,085.0 1,078.0 938.0 Current Portion of Long-Term Debt/Capital Lease 749.0